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For example, some modern Americans believe in Bigfoot, but most people are convinced that this creature does not exist. This word translates into monster, and tales about its horrific actions were used to keep children from wandering far away.

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The image of what you believe to be an igloo is probably very easy to conjure up, but this does not fully encompass the actual meaning of this word. Although there are some Inuit who live or have lived in the dome-shaped buildings that are constructed almost exclusively from snow and ice, the word igloo means any type of structure where people live.

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Therefore, whether you live in a European mansion or a studio apartment, you reside inside an igloo. Boas was given the ability to live with the Inuit for a while so that he could learn more about them, and he made note of the fact that they refer to snow often. However, the misconception that the Inuit have hundreds of words from snow derives from a misunderstanding of their sentence structure.

In Greenland, 11 percent of the residents are not Inuit. This means that the each Inuk who lives in Greenland has the potential to be exposed to new dining options, but even this has not considerably altered their traditional diet. Anthropologists and other researchers have determined that the Inuit diet has stayed mostly the same throughout the centuries, and it consists primarily of meat and fish because it is hard to gain access to vegetables and fruit in cold, remote areas.

10 Inuit facts to enlighten your Greenland experience

When you live in an area that is mostly snowy, it becomes important to find easier forms of transportation than walking. Therefore, some of the early Inuit tribes were responsible for creating qamutiks, or dogsleds, and qajaqs, which are now known as kayaks. It was also common for larger groups of Inuit people to be transported across the water via umiaqs. The dogsleds were constructed from wood and whale bones, and the same materials were used to make their vessels.

The East Greenland — Scoresby Sund cruise crosses the Arctic Circle into the home waters of multiple species of whale. The expedition will spot huge icebergs as it journeys into the largest and deepest fjord system in the world. Along the way the Northern Lights is guiding our way.

The Spitsbergen and Northeast Greenland cruise sails waters filled with breath-taking scenery. The expedition passes through areas that are home to seals, seabirds, whales, and polar bears, topped off with nighttime viewing of the Northern Lights. Partners login My profile Sign in Register. English German Dutch Spanish. Archaeological evidence has suggested that Eskimos settled in North America some 5, years ago.

This early group evolved in Alaska from people closely related to the Arctic small tool tradition, a cultural entity which developed in eastern Asia. The ancestors of this entity had relocated to Alaska from Siberia an estimated 2, to 3, years earlier.

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Artifacts discovered in Alaska have been found to be similar to those found in Siberia, dating as far as 18, years ago. At the first extensive contact with Europeans, the Eskimo population totaled about 50,, and it has remained relatively constant throughout centuries.

1. Inuit prefer to be called Inuk or Inuit - but not Eskimo

Languages spoken by the Eskimo people are classified in the Eskimo-Aleut family. The Eskimo languages branches into the Inuit and the Yupik languages. The Inuit language is marked by numerous dialects which differ by region and community. The Inuit dialects are:. Their fathers took them out hunting around the areas where the caribou were. Kobuk people went out hunting by walking. At times they took along the dogs with packs and went way up towards Noatak.

After they had left, their wives always worked, gathering the fish and the berries. They gathered all they could for their winter use. Their caches were filled with dried fish. After they had fished for a length of time, the women went berry picking. The seal pokes were always filled with berries. Cranberries were hard to bust, so they were put into the flour sacks. The women picked all kinds of food like rhubarb and sourdock. So, while the men were out hunting, the women prepared and gathered the food that they would need for the winter.

In late September the men returned home in the rafts. They returned to their winter camps with half-dried meat that they packed. When the men returned home, it was called "homecoming. On hearing the rifle shot, the villagers would know that the men were coming. The villagers would return the shot, and the men coming home would know that all in the village were all right. Another shot was returned by the men to tell the villagers that all who had gone out hunting were coming back safely.

The home return was a joyous occasion for all. The men always returned home in the moonlight. When I understood what was going on, that was the way my people lived. During those days, people used little of white man's things. They were very cheap then. At that time not many people worked, and they did not have the welfare checks either. That was why they worked hard during those days.

Eskimo Life

When fall came, people began fishing through the ice. They had a different method and equipment for catching the fish.

They called the equipment [a] fish trap. That was how hard people worked in those days. They used the candles for light. Among those with the gasoline or kerosene lamps, their homes would be bright.

And so candles were not used as much now that we have a machine that can brighten the darkness in the homes. We don't live the way our people used to live in those days. After working hard fishing during the summer, when winter came, some men, and possibly a few women, would start making plans and traveled to the next village, Aksik.

During those days people played football [ aqsrautraq ]. Men from Village would play against the men of Aksik and tried to win so that they could return to Village with the ball. Then, Aksik men would come to Village to try to win the ball back.

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I had witnessed my parents and Mulluk preparing Jack Porter and my older brother, Johnny Smith, to play the ball game for Village. If, after playing against Aksik people, the Village people won and brought the ball back home, they always had a good time. After a while, the Aksik people would come to play Village to try to win the ball back. When we saw the Aksik people coming, we would holler. Lots of people would play in front of Village.

The playing ball was set on the Squirrel River. From Village to the line, for the Village people, would be about a mile long. The line of the Aksik people would be about a mile down the river. I witnessed one Aksik man and three Village people going after the ball. They were fast runners and they worked hard at it. After playing all day, they gathered in the evening at a meeting place, at the Atoruks' home because they had a big house.

They would gather together to have Eskimo dances. The singers would sit together along with my father Qupilbuq , his brother, Matulik , [and] Aaquaksrauraq. The Aksik people would come in dancing in the middle. They would be shouting also. I saw Mary Curtis's husband who considered himself an Aksik man.